In the event that a new flu strain develops pandemic potential, WHO has set up a unique partnership with all the major players to ensure effective and equitable access to diagnostics, vaccines and antivirals treatments , especially in developing countries. Fragile and vulnerable settings.
Shanty housing in the Philippines. More than 1. Fragile settings exist in almost all regions of the world, and these are where half of the key targets in the sustainable development goals, including on child and maternal health, remains unmet. WHO will continue to work in these countries to strengthen health systems so that they are better prepared to detect and respond to outbreaks, as well as able to deliver high quality health services, including immunization.
Antimicrobial resistance. Now, time with these drugs is running out. Antimicrobial resistance — the ability of bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi to resist these medicines — threatens to send us back to a time when we were unable to easily treat infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhoea, and salmonellosis.
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The inability to prevent infections could seriously compromise surgery and procedures such as chemotherapy. Resistance to tuberculosis drugs is a formidable obstacle to fighting a disease that causes around 10 million people to fall ill, and 1. Drug resistance is driven by the overuse of antimicrobials in people, but also in animals, especially those used for food production, as well as in the environment.
WHO is working with these sectors to implement a global action plan to tackle antimicrobial resistance by increasing awareness and knowledge, reducing infection, and encouraging prudent use of antimicrobials.
WHO is supporting countries with development of national action plans and strengthening of health and surveillance systems to help prevent and manage antimicrobial resistance. Ebola and other high-threat pathogens.
At a conference on Preparedness for Public Health Emergencies held last December, participants from the public health, animal health, transport and tourism sectors focussed on the growing challenges of tackling outbreaks and health emergencies in urban areas. Weak primary health care. Primary health care is usually the first point of contact people have with their health care system, and ideally should provide comprehensive, affordable, community-based care throughout life.
Health systems with strong primary health care are needed to achieve universal health coverage. Yet many countries do not have adequate primary health care facilities. This neglect may be a lack of resources in low- or middle-income countries, but possibly also a focus in the past few decades on single disease programmes. In October , WHO co-hosted a major global conference in Astana , Kazakhstan at which all countries committed to renew the commitment to primary health care made in the Alma-Ata declaration in In , WHO will work with partners to revitalize and strengthen primary health care in countries, and follow up on specific commitments made by in the Astana Declaration.
Vaccine hesitancy. Vaccine hesitancy — the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines — threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding disease — it currently prevents million deaths a year, and a further 1. The reasons for this rise are complex, and not all of these cases are due to vaccine hesitancy. However, some countries that were close to eliminating the disease have seen a resurgence. The reasons why people choose not to vaccinate are complex; a vaccines advisory group to WHO identified complacency, inconvenience in accessing vaccines, and lack of confidence are key reasons underlying hesitancy.
Health workers, especially those in communities, remain the most trusted advisor and influencer of vaccination decisions, and they must be supported to provide trusted, credible information on vaccines. In , WHO will ramp up work to eliminate cervical cancer worldwide by increasing coverage of the HPV vaccine, among other interventions.
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Last year, less than 30 cases were reported in both countries. It also represents the union of peace between, and seeks to end separateness. It is about seeing the past, the now and the future in balance. It also refers to the Trinity, so has links to joy and spiritualism.
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The number 5 represents fresh starts, adventure, excitement and freedom. It is the most dynamic and energetic of all the single digit numbers, and therefore always needing constant change. A symbol of completeness, beauty and high ideals, number 6 is the number of Venus, The Goddess of Love. It is also known as the motherhood number, as it represents caring, loving, protecting and healing. It is about security, safety and rest. It also seeks for the truth, and is considered lucky or magical in many civilisations.
Lucky number 8 symbolises harmony and balance, it brings inner strength and determination.
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Representing infinity, it is also an extremely lucky number. A magic number which is considered sacred, perfect and divine, as it represents the end of a cycle in the decimal system. It is also independent and has infinite potential. The most intuitive of all numbers, it is associated with faith and psychics. It is about putting things in their cosmic order, and represents the completed cycle of experience. The Aztecs considered 13 a sacred number, it was the number of forgiveness and purification. As opposed to common belief, 13 is not unlucky number, and is actually considered positive in some cultures.
Number 15 is about ridding yourself of old restraints and making room for the new to enter your life. A stubborn number, 15 also represents leadership, and a sign to start working on your dreams and ambitions. This number is all about inner wisdom, and manifesting your desires, as well as new beginning and awakenings.
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It also represents good fortune, compassion, strength and self-discipline. It is also a virtuous number that brings good news. Great plans, big ideas, leadership and self-confidence, 22 is all about building a firm foundation for future plans. Considered the greatest of all numbers, 22 can help turn big dreams into realities. Number 23 holds the energy of communication, cellular intelligence and creativity, to bring joy, happiness and a personal sense of freedom. It also contains elements of companionship, diplomacy and teamwork energies.
It is self-affirming, intelligent and fortifying, representing compassion in a positive environment. It represents receptiveness, partnerships and wealth, as well as independence and self-determination. It holds an energy which allows you to harness creativity, harmony and confidence. One of the master numbers, 33 is the Master Teacher offering divine help and guidance.
It represents family, harmony and self-expression. The number for focus and creating goals. It inspires human kindness, and creative solutions to problems. This number will also help you stay positive and energetic. It represents healing and optimism, with an affinity for family and self-expression.
It helps to balance the physical, material and spiritual, and represents healing and faith in the Divine. If you see this number a lot, it could be a sign that you need to refocus your life on other areas. A double joy number, 88 carries the attributes of inner wisdom, patience and abundance. It provides guidance and support. The number is about new beginnings, harnessing activity and action, and creating your own reality.
It can be seen as an infinite number 1, and is extremely self-sufficient and independent.